Hospital Outcomes for Neonates Exposed to Methamphetamine Prenatally
AbstractObjective: Methamphetamine use remains a problem, with a reported prevalence of 14 to 57 million of all 15-64-year-olds in the United States. However, there is limited knowledge about neonatal outcomes following in-utero exposure to methamphetamine. This study describes the short-term outcomes of infants born with confirmed methamphetamine exposure. Study Design: A retrospective chart review was conducted, and a total of 51 neonates were found to have positive drug screens. Result: Neonatal subjects had an average gestational age of 38 weeks and an average birth weight of 3.142 kg. Twenty-six neonates (50.98%) were admitted to the NICU with an average stay of 11.12 days. Maternal subjects were primarily Caucasian, had not obtained a high school diploma, frequently used tobacco, and had public insurance. Conclusion: Many of our findings were similar to the 2014 Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle Study (IDEAL). A large percentage of our patient population required NICU admission. However, the infants were of average size and gestational age.
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