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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors who do not adhere to these guidelines.

    The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  • The submission file is in a Microsoft Word file format
  • References are provided "exactly" as instructed in Author Guidelines. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided. DOI of the papers, if available, should be added after each references. 

    (Please note manuscripts with incorrect reference styling will not be processed.)

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which are found under About the Journal.
  • All contributing authors agree that the publisher reserves the right to withdraw the article from the website if a report on attempted plagiarism is received, investigated, and found to be correct.
  • For studies involving human subjects: Indicate in the manuscript, in a section preceding the References, the following statement or an analogous statement that applies to your situation: “All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. Informed consent was obtained from all subjects who took part in the study.” If any identifying information about participants is included in the article, the following sentence should also be included: “Additional informed consent was obtained from all individuals for whom identifying information is included in this article.” If you have not included or cannot include this statement in your manuscript, please provide the reason.
  • For studies with animals: Include the following sentence in the manuscript in a section of text preceding the References: “All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.”
  • For studies with no human subjects or animals: Include the following statement in the manuscript in a section of text preceding the References: “No animal or human studies were carried out by the authors for this manuscript.”
  • If you have not included or cannot include one of these statements in your manuscript, please provide the reason or an alternative statement.
  • Ethical Standards Form
    Hereby, I consciously assure that for the manuscript/insert title/ the following is fulfilled:
    1) This material is the authors' own original work, which has not been previously published elsewhere.
    2) The paper is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.
    3) The paper reflects the authors' own research and analysis in a truthful and complete manner.
    4) The paper properly credits the meaningful contributions of co-authors and co-researchers.
    5) The results are appropriately placed in the context of prior and existing research.
    6) All sources used are properly disclosed (correct citations).
    7) All authors have been personally and actively involved in substantial work leading to the paper and will take public responsibility for its content.

Author Guidelines

Instructions to Authors

Accepted Manuscript File Formats

Please submit your paper in MS Word (.doc or .docx) file format according to the detailed instructions given below. The number of pages is at the discretion of authors. Average papers are 10-20 pages long. When preparing your paper for publication, pay particular attention to your research methods, key results, and language. To ensure rapid review and publication, please adhere to the following guidelines.


Submissions must be original work. No copyrighted material should be included without proper permission. Originality, creativity and a cross-disciplinary approach or perspective are strongly encouraged. Significant duplication of papers and parallel submissions are not allowed, and in such cases the publisher reserves the right to withdraw publishing rights from authors and co-authors. It is the authors' responsibility to check for possible copyright conflicts with any copyright holders and agree to our Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement.


Manuscripts must be written in English. If English is not the mother tongue of the author, we recommend that the paper be proofread to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality. The publisher can provide a copy-editing service for an additional payment.

Manuscript Preparation

General: Manuscripts must be type-written, double-spaced with wide margins. The first page of the manuscript should include (a) Title of Manuscript; (b) Names, addresses, and email addresses of all co-authors; (c) Name, complete address, telephone number, fax number, and email address of the corresponding author; and (d) Abstract. An electronic copy of the paper will be submitted for consideration and publication. The editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards for uniformity.

Paper Length: The editors generally encourage brevity for all Research Papers. Short Communications must not exceed 4 printed pages and will be given priority for rapid publication.

Abstracts: Abstracts should not exceed 250 words and should not contain full reference.

Keywords: A minimum of 5 keywords must be included on a separate line below the main abstract and labeled "Keywords”. To optimize searching, avoid key words already used in the title. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (for example: avoid words like 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be used. These keywords are essential for indexing purposes.

Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Author, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgments, Appendix, References, Figure Captions, and the Figures/Tables. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your main text file in MS Word format. Provide a separate PDF file of your manuscript text with correct placement of figures and tables. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk. All other footnote numerals should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers.

Units: SI unit should be used. If other units are necessary, include the conversion factor and add the non–standard unit in parentheses.

Symbols: Define in the text. Place an extensive list of symbols in an appendix.

Math: Avoid double suffix and punctuate carefully.

References: References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver style). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] (example: [1,2]. [1-10], there are no spaces between numbers) in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized, and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission. DOI of the reference needs to be added, if available, at the end of the each citation. 

Journal titles are abbreviated in the style of NLM Title Abbreviations (for a list of accepted abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database <>).     

*   Only first words of article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalized.

*   If the journal has continuous page numbering, you may omit month/issue number

For research papers having six or more authors the first author's surname should be cited, followed by a comma, then the rest of the three names, followed by et al.”

See examples below of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:

1. Smith SD, Jones AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med 2001; 657:230-5. doi:10.1093/bja/aer357

2. Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust 2003; 432:120-4.  

Typical Chapter Reference:

3. Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, eds. Equalitiesand inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976. p. 165-78.

Book Reference:

4. Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.

Edited Book:

5. Brown AM, Stubbs DW, Eds. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley; 1983.

Conference Paper and Proceedings:

6. Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, eds. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987: 190-6.

7. Harris AH, editor. Economics and health: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997: Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, NSW: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales; 1998.

Journal Article on the Internet:

8. Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9;[cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from:

Book/Monograph on the Internet:

9. Donaldson MS, ED. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]: Available from:

Web site/Homepage:

10. HeartCentreOnline [homepage on the Internet]. Boca Raton, FL: HeartCentreOnline, Inc.; c2000-2004 [updated 2004 May 23; the date of access 2004 Oct 15]: Available from:

Journal with Part/Supplement:

If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.

Issue with Supplement:

11. Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology 2002; 58(12 Suppl 7): S6-12.

Volume with Part:

12. Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal 2002; 83(Pt 2): 491-5.

Issue with Part:

13. Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2002; 13(9 Pt 1): 923-8.


14. Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug.


15. Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view), must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.


Foreign Language Materials - Latin-based scripts

Type of material: Book
Original language: Italian

16. Molinari, E., & Labella, A. Psicologia clinica: Dialoghi e confronti [Clinical psychology: Dialogue and confrontation]. Milan: Springer, 2007.


  • Book/article titles and names written in Latin-based scripts (French, Spanish, German, etc.) can be cited with only minor adjustments.
  • Provide a translation of the title in square brackets. Do not translate names written in Latin-based scripts.
  • Note: be mindful of grammatical rules in other languages. German, for example, capitalizes all nouns.

Foreign Language Materials - Non-Latin Scripts

Type of material: Book
Original language: Arabic

17. Najm, Y. Al-qissah fi al-adab Al-Arabi al-hadith [The novel in modern Arabic literature]. Beirut: Dar Al-Thaqafah, 1966).


  • Titles and names written in non-Latin scripts (Chinese, Arabic, Russian, etc.) must be transliterated before translating and citing. If you are uncomfortable transliterating material yourself, don't guess -- get help!
  • Titles should be transliterated and translated into English.
  • Names should be transliterated (not translated) and arranged in "Western" order, e.g., ordered by surname in reference list.
  • When citing a foreign language journal, transliterate if necessary
  • Do not translate foreign journal titles into English


Some important points to remember:

*   All references must be complete and accurate.

*   Online citations should include the date of access.

*   Journal abbreviations should follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE.

*   Take special care of the punctuation conventions as described in the above-mentioned examples.

*   Avoid using superscript with the in-text citations and reference section.

*   Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section, but they may be mentioned in the text.

*   The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.

All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without re-touching.
All illustrations must be readable when reduced to a width of 75 mm (single column figure) or 160 mm (double column figure).
• Photographs, charts, and diagrams are all to be referred to as “Figure(s)” and should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are referred to in the text. They should accompany the manuscript but should not be included within the text.
• All figures required a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet.
• Line drawings: Good quality high resolution files with white background produced in black ink are required. All lettering, graphs lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.
• Photographs: High Definition/High Quality photograph files must be supplied in .jpg, .gif or .tiff formats. A scale should be marked on the photograph.
• Color: Authors are required to pay for the reproduction of color images in printed hard copy reprints (if ordered by the author). Details of cost will be provided on reprint order forms. 

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and each table typed on a separate page. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript.


Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return. The inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.

Processing Fee
Article submission and Open Access publication fee $350 applies to all submitted manuscripts. Some discounts and/or waiver may be granted per request sent to an editor. The submission page states the updated publication charges, as soon as the author starts a new manuscript submission, he/she gets this information upfront.