Clinical features of chronic bronchitis and genetic risk factors for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adolescent smokers
Keywords: chronic bronchitis, COPD, tobacco smoking, adolescents
AbstractChronic bronchitis (CB) is a multifactorial disease with complex internal and external etiological risk factors. One of the main risk factors for the development of CB in adolescence and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults is tobacco smoking. It is also known that an important internal risk factor for the development of СB is a genetic predisposition
How to Cite
Ilchenko, S., & Fialkovska, A. (2019). Clinical features of chronic bronchitis and genetic risk factors for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adolescent smokers. International Journal of Integrative Pediatrics and Environmental Medicine, 4(1), 4-9. https://doi.org/10.36013/ijipem.v4i1.40
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