Clinical features of chronic bronchitis and genetic risk factors for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adolescent smokers
Chronic bronchitis (CB) is a multifactorial disease with complex internal and external etiological risk factors. One of the main risk factors for the development of CB in adolescence and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults is tobacco smoking. It is also known that an important internal risk factor for the development of СB is a genetic predisposition
chronic bronchitis, COPD , tobacco smoking, adolescents
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